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Extra info for World War I: People, Politics, and Power (America at War)
Sir Hubert Gough (b. Aug. 12, 1870, London, Eng. —d. March 18, 1963, London) Hubert Gough used to be the realm conflict I commander of the British fifth military, which bore the brunt of the good German offensive in March 1918. He joined the sixteenth Lancers in 1889 and served within the Tirah excursion in India (1897) and within the South African conflict (1899–1902). He commanded the third Cavalry Brigade in 1914 and adverse using strength on the Curragh to compel Ulster to simply accept domestic Rule. In France, Gough grew to become commander of the fifth military on its formation (1916) and participated within the battles of the Somme (1916) and Ypres (1917), the place he earned a name as a negative administrator and a troublesome driver—indifferent to the casualties his males suffered. In March 1918 his military was once forced to withdraw with massive loss lower than heavy German strain. even supposing his skillful dealing with of the conflict ended in the eventual stemming of the German boost, the govt. blamed him for transitority German successes and insisted on his elimination. He retired in 1922 with the rank of basic and got the award of the Knight Grand go of the bathtub in 1937. Douglas Haig (b. June 19, 1861, Edinburgh, Scot. —d. Jan. 29, 1928, London, Eng. ) Douglas Haig was once a British box marshal and commander in leader of the British forces in France in the course of so much of global warfare I. His technique of attrition (tautly summarized as “kill extra Germans”) made him a subject matter of controversy, and led to huge, immense numbers of Brit ish casualties yet little quick achieve in 1916–17. at the outbreak of worldwide struggle I in August 1914, Haig led I Corps of the British Expeditionary strength (BEF) to northern France, and, early in 1915, he turned commander of the first military. On December 17 of that yr, he succeeded Sir John French (afterward 1st Earl of Ypres) as commander in leader of the BEF. In July–November 1916, he devoted nice plenty of troops to an unsuccessful offensive at the Somme River, leading to 420,000 British casualties. the following yr, while the French made up our minds to face at the protective until eventually forces from the USA (which had entered the warfare April 6) may arrive in volume, Haig resolved to attempt to defeat the Germans by way of a only British offensive in French and Belgian Flanders. within the ensuing 3rd conflict of Ypres (July–November 1917), also known as the Passchendaele crusade, the variety of casualties surprised the Military Commanders | 179 Allied commander at the western entrance. In March 1918, Haig secured the appointment of one other French basic, Ferdinand Foch, as Allied generalissimo. the 2 males labored good jointly, and Haig exercised complete tactical command of the British armies, which had now not been the case lower than Nivelle. After aiding to forestall the final German offensive of the battle (March–July 1918), Haig confirmed might be his most sensible generalship in prime the successful Allied attack starting August eight. After the battle, Haig equipped the British Legion and traveled through the British Empire amassing funds for needy former servicemen.