Download E-books The Fighting Padre: Pat Leonard's Letters From the Trenches 1915-1918 PDF

Pat Leonard served through the nice struggle as a Chaplain to the Forces in France, Belgium and, after the Armistice, in Germany. besides the various enormous quantities of letters he wrote to the family of these ‘parishioners’ who died or have been wounded, he stumbled on time to explain for his mom and dad again at domestic the grim fact of lifestyles within the Trenches, and at the makeshift aerodromes from which the pilots of the Royal Flying Corps operated from the Observer’s seat which liberated his spirit from the dust of Flanders.

Very a lot a ‘front-line’ priest, his descriptions supply an strangely goal view of military existence, and of the activity of the multitasked chaplain who used to be anticipated to adopt the jobs of counselor, comforter, caterer, censor, leisure officer and activities best to call yet a number of. The extracts chosen from his letters are packed with element, humor, self deprecation and simply occasionally whilst judged through today’s criteria, gentle ‘political incorrectness’! referred to as ‘a veritable battling parson’ (because of his prowess within the boxing ring) he additionally performed rugby for the RAF, used to be pointed out in dispatches, and used to be adorned for bravery.

90 years have handed earlier than this chance arises to proportion his account of a lifestyles which the area recalls as ‘dreadful past belief’. analyzing it demonstrates that regardless of the ghastliness, human traits emerged with which we must always all be proud. Pat Leonard was once born in 1889 right into a clergy kin in Cumbria, MPG (Pat) Leonard went from being Head of faculty at Rossall to Oriel university, Oxford on a arithmetic scholarship. After graduating and acquiring a TA fee within the King’s personal Royal Lancaster Regiment, Leonard served as a curate in a Manchester parish ahead of being accredited as Chaplain to the eighth Battalion, the King’s personal, from September 1915 within the battlefields of the Somme offered the DSO for bravery and pointed out in dispatches, he transferred to the RFC in early 1918.

After the battle he used to be a lot taken with the advance and progress of TocH in the course of the global. for that reason after a interval as Rector of Hatfield and ten years in Glasgow as Provost of St. Mary’s Cathedral he was once consecrated Bishop of Thetford in 1953.

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Download E-books Riders of the Apocalypse: German Cavalry and Modern Warfare, 1870-1945 PDF

Regardless of the iconic well known picture of the blitzkrieg of global warfare II, the German military consistently relied on horses. it might now not have waged struggle with no them. whereas the Army’s reliance on draft horses to drag artillery, provide wagons, and box kitchens is now quite often said, D. R. Dorondo’s Riders of the Apocalypse examines the heritage of the German cavalry, a strive against arm that not just survived international battle I but additionally rode to battle back in 1939. although targeting the interval among 1939 and 1945, the publication areas that background firmly in the greater context of the fastened arm’s improvement from the Franco-Prussian warfare of 1870 to the 3rd Reich’s surrender.

Driven by means of either inner and exterior constraints to keep fastened forces after 1918, the German military successfully did not anything to lessen, less get rid of, the preponderance of non-mechanized formations in the course of its breakneck growth below the Nazis after 1933. in its place, politicized command judgements, technical insufficiency, commercial bottlenecks, and, ultimately, wartime attrition intended that military leaders have been pressured to depend on a gradually turning out to be variety of wrestle horsemen all through international warfare II. those horsemen have been top represented by means of the first Cavalry Brigade (later department) which observed wrestle in Poland, the Netherlands, France, Russia, and Hungary. Their provider, even if, got here to be cruelly dishonored via the horsemen of the eighth Waffen-SS Cavalry department, a unit whose soldiers spent extra time killing civilians than scuffling with enemy soldiers.

Throughout the tale of those formations, and drawing widely on either basic and secondary resources, Dorondo exhibits how the cavalry’s culture carried on in a German and ecu international present process speedy army industrialization after the mid-nineteenth century. And notwithstanding Riders of the Apocalypse makes a speciality of the German part of this custom, it additionally notes different international locations’ carrying on with (and, in terms of Russia, even more broad) use of wrestle horsemen after 1900. besides the fact that, accurately as the Nazi regime dedicated loads attempt to painting Germany’s military as absolutely glossy and mechanized, the strive against effectiveness of such a lot of German horsemen at the battlefields of Europe until eventually 1945 continues to be a narrative that merits to be extra well known. Dorondo’s paintings does a lot to inform that story.

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Download E-books Lawrence of Arabia: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and Battlefield Experiences of the Greatest Commanders of History PDF

By David Murphy

Osprey Command sequence #19

Thomas Edward Lawrence, extra popularly referred to as Lawrence of Arabia, used to be some of the most iconic figures of the 20 th century, immortalized on degree and display, whose exploits within the heart East within the moment half international warfare I assisted in shaping the crusade in that a part of the area. during short years, Lawrence emerged as one of many major strategic and tactical minds in the back of the Arab insurrection. He went from being an imprecise employees officer to the rank of complete colonel and have become one of many males who formed the fashionable heart East. From being a natural novice, he additionally constructed wasteland strategies that will be used all through international struggle II and afterwards. This new Command identify presents an in-depth research of each point of Lawrence's storied army occupation.

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Download E-books 1913: In Search of the World Before the Great War PDF

By Charles Emmerson

Today, 1913 is necessarily considered throughout the lens of 1914: because the final 12 months sooner than a struggle that may shatter the worldwide financial order and tear Europe aside, undermining its international pre-eminence. Our views narrowed through hindsight, the realm of that yr is decreased to its such a lot frivolous features—last summers in grand aristocratic residences—or its so much harmful ones: the unresolved rivalries of the good ecu powers, the phobia of revolution, violence within the Balkans.

In this illuminating background, Charles Emmerson liberates the area of 1913 from this “prelude to warfare” narrative, and explores it because it was once, in all its richness and complexity. touring from Europe’s capitals, then on the peak in their worldwide succeed in, to the rising metropolises of Canada and the us, the imperial towns of Asia and Africa, and the boomtowns of Australia and South the US, he offers a breathtaking view of an international crackling with probabilities, its destiny nonetheless not sure, its outlook nonetheless open.

The global in 1913 used to be extra glossy than we take note, extra just like our personal instances than we think, extra globalized than ever earlier than. The most desirable underpinned worldwide flows of products and cash, whereas mass migration reshaped the world’s human geography. Steamships and sub-sea cables encircled the earth, besides new applied sciences and new principles. Ford’s first meeting line cranked to lifestyles in 1913 in Detroit. The Woolworth development went up in manhattan. whereas Mexico was once in the course of bloody revolution, Winnipeg and Buenos Aires boomed. An period of petro-geopolitics opened in Iran. China seemed to be awaking from its imperial shut eye. Paris celebrated itself because the urban of light—Berlin because the urban of electricity.

Full of attention-grabbing characters, tales, and insights, 1913: looking for the area sooner than the good War brings a misplaced global vividly again to existence, with provocative implications for a way we comprehend our earlier and the way we predict approximately our destiny.

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Download E-books Megiddo 1918: The last great cavalry victory (Campaign) PDF

By Bryan Perrett

Osprey's crusade name for the conflict of Megiddo (1918), which was once one of many extra decisive campaigns of global struggle I (1914-1918). After securing the trap of Jerusalem normal Allenby deliberate a crusade that might knock Turkey out of global struggle I. In a staggering crusade normal Allenby's Egyptian Expeditionary strength accomplished the step forward in Palestine that commanders at the Western entrance had basically dreamed of. Supported by means of Lawrence and his Arab irregulars, the wilderness fastened Corps swept around the Turkish rear, destroying 3 armies within the approach. Turkey's conflict used to be over and the times of the tottering Ottoman Empire have been numbered. This was once a British 'Blitzkrieg' with a pace of develop that shocked the realm two decades sooner than Germany's Panzers rolled throughout Europe.

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Download E-books No Surrender: My Thirty-Year War PDF

By Hiroo Onoda

Within the Spring of 1974, 2d Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the japanese military made international headlines while he emerged from the Philippine jungle after a thirty-year ordeal. Hunted in flip by way of American troops, the Philippine military and police, adversarial islanders, and finally successive jap seek events, Onoda had skillfully outmaneuvered all his pursuers, confident that international battle II used to be nonetheless being fought and looking forward to the day while his fellow infantrymen might go back positive. This first-person account of these years of evading catch and attempting to remain alive is stuffed with drama, stress, and excitement.

Readers find out about Onoda's youth, his education as an intelligence officer, and his ultimate task to the Philippine island of Lubang. whilst American forces take over the island, he retreats into the mountains and existence turns into a continuing conflict opposed to the weather in addition to the enemy. the outline of his selfless commitment to a reason permits us a unprecedented glimpse of the invincible spirit of the man or woman, and his ingenuity in adapting to primitive atmosphere is a remark on man's resourcefulness. Even after the japanese forces hand over or are killed, braveness and conviction permit him and his few comrades to proceed till he by myself returns to civilization. A soldier who fought and survived the war's longest, loneliest conflict, Onoda grew to become a hero to his humans and his account of occasions, first released in Japan in 1974 and in English in 1975, has loved an approving viewers ever considering the fact that. presently no different English variation is in print.

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Download E-books Austro-Hungarian Albatros Aces of World War 1 (Aircraft of the Aces) PDF

By Paolo Varriale, Harry Dempsey

Austro-Hungarian produced a chain of negative fighter forms corresponding to the Phönix D I and Hansa-Brandenburg D I through the early levels of the struggle, and it used to be no longer till licence-built examples of the battle-proven Albatros and D II and D III started to succeed in Fliegerkompagnien, or Fliks, in could 1917 that the fortunes of pilots started to lookup. in contrast to the German-built Albatrosen, which at first suffered wing mess ups in flight, the Oeffag plane have been way more strong than German D IIs and D IIIs. additionally they displayed enhanced velocity, climb, manoeuvrability and infinitely more secure flight features. Such attributes have been used to the total through all of the major Austro-Hungarian aces, together with Brumowski, Arigi, Kiss and Linke-Crawford, who fought Italian pilots in Hanriots and SPADs, in addition to British pilots in Camels and Bristol combatants. The exploits of Austro-Hungarian aces have been firstly delivered to the eye of English-speaking readers within the Nineteen Eighties during the pioneering paintings of Martin O'Connor. an extra 30 years of extra examine has allowed Paolo Varriale to combine and replace his paintings, rectifying a few inaccuracies and including new information and lots of unpublished photos. The cautious crosschecking of Allied assets with Austrian and German files shape the root for a close reconstruction of the dogfights fought through the best aces. This painstaking examine permits many myths to be uncovered and mistakes to be corrected. The e-book will hide using Albatros combatants at the Italian and japanese Fronts, from the combatants' preliminary arrival in mid 1917 via to the final days of conflict. it is going to additionally chart the careers of the Austro-Hungarian aces that flew the D II and D III, their successes and their defeats, with more information approximately their own history and their post-war lives within the countries born from the cave in of the Hapsburg Empire. a few forty nine pilots completed acedom in the course of international warfare 1, and the majority of those pilots made their claims flying the 586 Oeffag-built Albatrosen.

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Download E-books The Battle for Palestine 1917 (Warfare in History) PDF

By John D. Grainger

3 battles for the regulate of the foremost fortress-city of Gaza happened in 1917 among the `British' strength (with devices from around the Empire, such a lot particularly the ANZACs) and the Turks. The Allies have been repulsed two times yet on their 3rd try out, less than the newly-appointed common Allenby, a veteran of the Western entrance the place he was once a vocal critic of Haig's command, ultimately penetrated Turkish strains, captured southern Palestine and, as recommended by means of Lloyd George, took Jerusalem in time for Christmas, finishing four hundred years of Ottoman career. This 3rd conflict, related in lots of how one can the contemporaneous battling in France, is on the middle of this account, with attention of intelligence, espionage, air-warfare, and diplomatic and political components, let alone the logistical and scientific facets of the crusade, rather water. the widely ignored Turkish defence, within the face of significantly more advantageous numbers, can also be assessed. faraway from laying out and executing a pre-ordained plan, Allenby, who's most likely nonetheless top remembered as T. E. Lawrence's commanding officer in Arabia, was once versatile and adaptable, responding to advancements as they happened. JOHN D. GRAINGER is the writer of various books on army historical past, starting from the Roman interval to the 20 th century.

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Download E-books Austro-Hungarian Battleships 1914-18 (New Vanguard) PDF

Despite imperial politics, a latest Austro-Hungarian battleship fleet used to be outfitted and contested Italian dominance of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean via a sequence of bold naval raids that netted better luck than something the German excessive Seas Fleet entire within the North Sea.

The 19th century observed the statement of Habsburg sea strength over the Adriatic from the Austrian inheritance of the Venetian fleet in 1797 to Rear Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff's lovely victory over an excellent Italian strength on the conflict of Lissa in 1866 to the slow production of a contemporary conflict fleet starting within the Eighteen Nineties. Austria-Hungary didn't have an in another country empire; its empire lay inside its personal limitations and the first goal of its army till the start of the 20 th century used to be the safety of its beach. As its service provider marine dramatically grew within the overdue 19th century, Austro-Hungarian admirals believed that the military may still take a extra proactive coverage of protection, protecting not just the sea coast however the better Adriatic or even the Mediterranean waters which the empire's service provider ships plied. The Eighteen Nineties observed the start of a chain of naval development courses that might create a well-balanced sleek fleet. Cruisers have been developed for the safety of in a foreign country exchange and for "showing the flag" however the decisive projection of Austria-Hungary's dedication to manage the Adriatic used to be the development of a strength of contemporary battleships. in comparison to the British, French, Germans, or even Italians, the Austro-Hungarians have been relative latecomers to the layout and development of battleships. Austro-Hungarian naval coverage tended to be reactionary instead of proactive; its admirals heavily Italian naval advancements and sought acceptable countermeasures although the 2 international locations have been tenuously sure jointly by way of the Triple Alliance pact of 1882. regardless of the naval palms race all through Europe on the time, the military had hassle acquiring money for brand spanking new ships because the Hungarian executive used to be reluctant to fund a fleet that mostly served the maritime pursuits of the ethnically German section of the empire. The problems skilled in battleship investment and building reflected the political problems and ethnic rivalries in the empire. however via August of 1914, the Austro-Hungarian fleet had a strength of 9 battleships, 3 pre-dreadnoughts, and one dreadnought (three extra within the ultimate levels of construction). This publication will survey the 5 sessions of Austro-Hungarian battleships in provider in the course of the First international War.

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Download E-books Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War PDF

From the acclaimed army historian, a brand new heritage of the outbreak of global conflict I: the dramatic stretch from the breakdown of international relations to the battles—the Marne, Ypres, Tannenberg—that marked the frenzied first yr ahead of the struggle slowed down within the trenches.

In Catastrophe 1914, Max Hastings provides us a clash assorted from the widely used considered one of barbed cord, dust and futility. He lines the trail to warfare, making transparent why Germany and Austria-Hungary have been basically guilty, and describes the gripping first clashes within the West, the place the French military marched into motion in uniforms of crimson and blue with flags flying and bands enjoying. In August, 4 days after the French suffered 27,000 males useless overnight, the British fought a rare preserving motion opposed to oncoming Germans, one of many final of its sort in background. In October, at bad rate the British held the allied line opposed to large German attacks within the first conflict of Ypres. Hastings additionally re-creates the lesser-known battles at the japanese entrance, brutal struggles in Serbia, East Prussia and Galicia, the place the Germans, Austrians, Russians and Serbs inflicted 3 million casualties upon each other via Christmas. 

As he has performed in his celebrated, award-winning works on international battle II, Hastings provides us frank exams of generals and political leaders and masterly analyses of the political currents that led the continent to warfare. He argues passionately opposed to the rivalry that the struggle used to be now not well worth the expense, holding that Germany’s defeat used to be important to the liberty of Europe. all through we come upon statesmen, generals, peasants, housewives and personal infantrymen of 7 international locations in Hastings’s accustomed combination of top-down and bottom-up debts: generals dismounting to guide troops in bayonet fees over 1,500 ft of open flooring; farmers who at the beginning decried the requisition in their horses; infantry males engaged in a haggard retreat, snoozing 4 hours an evening of their haste. this can be a vibrant new portrait of the way a continent turned embroiled in warfare and what took place hundreds of thousands of fellows and girls in a clash that might switch everything.

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